If you’re here of your own freewill, you probably know what the the ADO16 is. If, however, you’ve stumbled across the site via Google and you’re not sure what we’re talking about – here’s a potted history.
The ADO16 (Amalgamated Drawing Office project number 16) is a range of small family cars built by the British Motor Corporation (BMC) and, later, British Leyland. Launched in 1962, it was Britain’s best-selling car from 1963 to 1966 and from 1968 to 1971. The ADO16 was marketed under various make and model names, however the Austin and Morris were the most prolific of all the variants.
The car was designed by Alec Issigonis. Following his success with the Mini, Issigonis set out to design a larger and more sophisticated car. In common with the Mini, the ADO16 was designed around the BMC A-Series engine. This is mounted transversely and drives the front wheels. As well as single piston swinging caliper disc brakes at the front, which were not common on mass-produced cars in the early 1960s, the ADO16 featured a Hydrolastic interconnected fluid suspension system designed by Alex Moulton.
The vehicle was launched as the Morris 1100 on 15 August 1962. The range was expanded to include several rebadged versions, including the twin-carburettor MG 1100 (introduced at the end of September 1962), the Austin 1100 (August 1963), the Vanden Plas Princess 1100 (October 1963) and finally the Wolseley 1100 (1965) and Riley Kestrel (1965).
The three-door estate version followed in 1966, called the Austin Countryman and Morris Traveller. Famously an Austin 1100 Countryman appeared in the Fawlty Towers episode “Gourmet Night”, in which the short-tempered owner of Fawlty Towers Basil Fawlty (John Cleese) gave it a “damn good thrashing”. This episode was first shown in October 1975.
In 1964 the 1100 was Wheels magazine’s Car of the Year.
For most of its production life, the ADO16 was Britain’s best selling car.
End of an era
It was announced in May 1972 that the 1100/1300 range would be replaced by 1974. British Leyland had just finished fine tuning the new Austin Allegro & Morris Marina. In April 1973, BL began to axe the ADO16, the Wolseley 1300 was discontinued from the range. Followed by the Austin 1100/1300 in May 1974. The last car to roll from the production line was the Vanden Plas in June 1974, when the 1500 Allegro was launched.
Want to know more? We have a vast archive of ADO16 information (including: Press photographs, brochures, road tests, handbooks, and much more!) in our members only section. Our archive is just one of many member benefits you can take advantage of.